What is an SBOM?
SBOMs (Software Bill of Materials) are documents that list all the components and dependencies of a software application or system. They provide a comprehensive inventory of the various software components and their versions used in an application. This information is important for ensuring software security and managing vulnerabilities.
There is currently no single standard format for SBOMs, but there are several common formats that are widely used, and efforts are underway to develop a standard format.
Some of the common formats for SBOMs include:
- SPDX: The SPDX (Software Package Data Exchange) format is a widely used format for SBOMs. It was developed by the Linux Foundation and is designed to provide a standard way to document software components and their associated licensing information.
- CycloneDX: CycloneDX is another popular format for SBOMs, which is designed to be easy to use and integrate into existing software tools and workflows.
- SWID: The SWID (Software Identification) format is a standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which provides a way to identify software components and their associated metadata.
- XML: XML (eXtensible Markup Language) is another widely used data format, which is often used for exchanging data between different software systems. It is also commonly used as a format for SBOMs.